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Li-ion battery charging method of the charger & life

Charging method of the charger

It's awkward to keep the battery after it's charged. If it's a good charger, it's okay to leave it alone, but if it's the wrong charger, it could be a problem.

Li-ion batteries are said to use a constant current method at the beginning of charging due to their characteristics. Therefore, it continuously checks the terminal voltage while constantly applying the charging current. When the terminal voltage rises to 4.2 volts, the constant voltage circuit is operated from this point to maintain 4.2 volts. Then, the charging current gradually decreases and becomes zero.

Therefore, if it is a proper charger, it will not charge after the actual full charge, even if it is plugged in for a few days. However, the problem is that chargers that do not accurately measure 4.2 volts (especially equipment chargers) are likely to overcharge or undercharge.

In addition, some chargers change from 4 volts to a constant voltage when they are not confident to measure 4.2 volts, and there is a situation where they cannot be fully charged.

Especially in case of overcharging, the lifespan of the lithium-ion battery is said to be rapidly shortened. (4.2 volts is for 1 cell, and 2 cells, that is, doubles in the case of serial connection of 2 units of 1 cell)

Li-ion battery life

It is said that there is no limit in the world. By the way, the battery... As mentioned earlier, lithium-ion is designed to have a long life, but the life given by the sky (?) is charging and discharging thousands of times at best. However, it is said that this also depends on what made the lithium-ion battery or the technology of the manufacturer. Sony, Japan, which is the best in the world, is said to retain its original capacity even after 4,000 charging and discharging times. In the first case, it was said that it depends on the active material component of the battery.

[Active material TYPE 1]

Features: From space 3 to space 2 slowly, from space 2 to power off, rapid type You know roughly. This is primarily the case for small capacity batteries. Usually about 500 times: So I can't use a small dose for a long time.

[Active material TYPE 2]

Features: 3 to 2 spaces fast, 2 spaces to power off slowly type It is mainly a large capacity battery. Usually 1000 times: Samsung sees a lot of cylinders with large capacity. The cylinder is lighter than the square when it has the same capacity.

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